2012/09/18

Andahuaylillas


Their lands have a privileged fertility, its people are calm and friendly.

Tourist attractions
Andahuaylillas has two major tourist attractions:

The "Sistine Chapel" of America
The San Pedro of Andahuaylillas Church is the main attraction for visitors, because due to the quality of their artwork is considered the "Sistine Chapel" of America.

It was built by the Jesuits in late 16th century and early 17th century. Its architectural structure is the classic of the churches in small towns. Its walls are thick, typical of colonial buildings, made with mud bricks dried in the Sun, a facade adorned with murals and stone columns, which are projected toward the main gate.

While its architecture is relatively modest, its interior decoration is the most impressive of the enclosure. Firstly, we can mention a painting of the "Virgen de la Asunción", authored by the historic Spanish painter Esteban Murillo. There are also murals attributed to Luis de Riaño (17TH century), which represents the choice of the man by the gloria. This painter is credited, in addition, the paintings that decorate the baseboards and a remarkable painting of the Archangel.

In addition, the Church houses a collection of paintings of the ever seen Cusquenian school representing the life of St. Peter (with impressive frames in gold leaf), a majestic body, silver jewellery and a Baroque altar.

Within the enclosure, there are environments where there is no inca building remains. Out on the Western side of the front courtyard, there are three large sculpted crosses representing the Trinity, Catholic Holy symbol, i.e.: father, son and holy spirit.

The main building enters a transition architecture gate crossing (between inca and colonial). The header is located on the Western side of the nave, highlights two sculptures of quadrupeds; to the left is the baptistery; and around its entry an epigraph: "I do baptize in the name of the father, the son and the Holy Spirit." "Amén"; in five languages: latin, Spanish, quechua, pukina and aymara (today an extinct language).

Inside the church there are two distinct sections that correspond to the two phases of its construction; they are separated by the interior main arch. That is the reason why this church has two pulpits. In the oldest part that is under the interior arch can be seen ornaments most of mudejar style (arabigo-cristiana mixture that developed in Spain between the 13th and 16th centuries).

It is impressive the amount of frescoes covering the walls and, above all, the ceiling with geometrical patterns and flowers adorned with gold flakes. The Altar is high, Baroque, carved in cedar wood and adorned with gold flakes; in the Center is the effigy of the "Virgin of the Rosary". Its Tabernacle is covered with plates of silver. Down, it has an area of mirrors that serve to reflect the light of candles and the foreign that enters through the gate, improving the interior lighting.

On one side of the Altar is the sacristy where priests clothing embroidered with threads of gold and silver is stored. This sacristy also owned objects and jewelry of gold and silver which, unfortunately, were stolen in the year 1992, unless they have been recovered to date.

The Plaza of arms of Andahuaylillas
The vast Plaza de Armas is surrounded by leafy pisonay trees (or coral trees) and palm trees. It is considered one of the most beautiful squares in the region.

A few kilometres from here lies the town of Huaro, which stated witches residing at the time of the Inca Empire. There is a magnificent colonial temple whose murals are Tadeo Escalante (1803), one of the last masters of the Cusqueña school.

original source: cusco_peru.org


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