More than 500 years of the Inca Empire, also known as Tawantinsuyo, dominated much of South America, and spread their culture, religion, education, architecture, economics and art to territories which nowadays belong to Peru (in its entirety), Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina.
For nearly one hundred years (from 1439 to 1533) pre-Columbian Empire ruled the southern part of the continent, concentrating his forces in the capital: Qosqo. Cusco
The city of Cusco is located in the central part of the Tawantinsuyo and was the seat of Government of the Inca Kingdom.
However, after the arrival of the Spaniards, the Tawantinsuyo was defeated and subsequently dissolved. By decision of the conquerors Lima became the seat of Government and Cusco was relegated.
For several decades from the Republican era of the Peru the Cusco was one place forgotten saw, however, in recent years, thanks to globalization, humanity comes returning him that status of major city through tourism, making it not only the tourist capital of the Peru, but in South America now.
Cusco 3,999 metres above the Sea (m) level, enjoys a privileged geographical location, which allows you to have various landscapes, platforms, and abundant flora and fauna. Add to this natural beauty no less architectural beauty, which represents mainly in strongholds such as Sacsayhuaman, Corichancha, Pisac and Machu Picchu. At the same time this inca architecture is mixed with Spanish style that was captured after the conquest, the imperial city became an unusual city. Magic.
Talk about Cusco without mentioning to Machu Picchu is almost blasphemous. Within the beauty that gives Cusco its visitors, which highlights more is the Inca Fortress, to the point of being appointed in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world.
Since it was discovered in 1911 in the Urubamba province by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham, the inca Citadel - found on the left bank of the so-called Canyon of the Urubamba, known formerly as Quebrada Picchu - has been considered one of the most important archaeological monuments of the world thanks to its amazing architectural structures, designed on the basis of stone blocks that are founded on the uneven ground. The complexity of the archaeological work makes that historians can not decrypt the importance of the monument, of 106,000 square metres, to the Inca Empire, which envelops the fortress in a mystery and mysticism is not repeated in other world wonders.
Think of many visitors who tread first floor cusquenian, is that Cusco is only Machu Picchu. The tourist potential of the imperial city is limited to the wonderful walls of the inca fortress. Big mistake.
Cuzco is the Sacred Valley of the Incas, that contains peoples as the main city of Mystics within the territory. The most attractive localities highlights Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, and Urubamaba.
One of the first people out in the path of the Sacred Valley of the Incas is Pisac, which was built by the viceroy Francisco de Toledo. The most striking of the area are its platforms, located nine kilometers from the town, those who saved Inca fortresses of great complexity. Curious thing about this town are its Catholic masses in quechua.
Another splendid town is this magical route is Ollantaytambo, which highlights its Inca complex of the same name. Unlike the other cities Cuzco, Ollantanytambo is a quiet town, where tourists can be installed to take a break from the noise of the metropolis. This village has an archaeological monument that was more than 500 years as the solar Temple. The structure is composed of seven huge red granite monoliths, recorded with enigmatic motifs. The town also has the Museum of site of the Andean Center of traditional technology and culture of the communities of Ollantaytambo.
Kilometres beyond lies the village of Chinchero, known as the "land of the Rainbow". Its buildings show the fusion of inca-espanola architecture, which was given after the conquest. As proof of this, Chinchero possesses the main Catholic Church, cemented in the 17TH century in a field that years earlier he belonged to an Inca Palace, which was demolished by the Spaniards themselves. One of its main attractions is the market of native villagers, which still can be the buying and selling of goods through barter.
Finally found the town of Urubamba, which stands out for its luxury and adventure tourism. In this place you can practice extreme sports such as canoeing, mountain biking etc. You can also practice less risky activities as horseback tours.Copyright of the article: Carlos Raul Gastulo Palacios. Please contact the author of this article to obtain your permission and authorization express to be able to use or publish their content in whole or part.